The typical price pattern prior to a market retracement is for price to break through the resistance area (or support), then to return and test for support (or resistance).  This particular pattern plays out continuously in the markets.

Typical Price Pattern Prior to Market Retracement

In this video, Gail Mercer, founder of TradersHelpDesk, shows you what this pattern looks like using a 15 minute chart, as well as a five minute chart.  Notice that price tends to push through the upper resistance area (also known as flipping the ATR) but then returns to test for support.  If support is not found, then price will go back to retest the prior low.  This typical price pattern behavior forms on all timeframes and markets.